From the founding of Jamestown to the time of Washington and Jefferson, every plantation owner made cider, drank cider, and bragged about his cider.
GRANIWINKLE is described by Cox in A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees, 1817, as: "...of moderate size, in form rather oblong. . .the skin is dark red, somewhat rough . . . the flesh a dead sweet, very rich, of a yellow colour. The cider produced from this apple resembles a syrup in its taste and consistency. It originated in New Jersey and got its name from a farmer who cultivated it. It is usually mixed with the Harrison for making cider of a superior quality." The skin is a greenish-yellow, flushed red, and striped and splashed with a rich sweet flavor. The core is very small. Once, Graniwinkles were used for livestock feed. The vigorous tree grows upright and spreading and bears heavily. It ripens in September.
- Early Fall - September